Posted by: Elmer Brabante | June 18, 2008

Latin Legal Maxims O-V

Omne sacramentum debet esse de certa scientia – Every oath ought to be of certain knowledge.

Omnia delicta in aperto leviora sunt – All crimes (committed) in the open are (considered) lighter.

Omnia praesumuntur contra spoliatorem – All things are presumed against a wrongdoer.

Omnis innovatio plus novitate perturbat quam utilitate prodeat – Every innovation disturbs more by its novelty than it benefits by its utility.

Optima legum interpres est consuetudo – The best interpreter of laws is custom.

Optimus interpres rerum est usus – The best interpreter of things is usage.

Pacta privata juri publico non derogare possunt – Private contracts cannot derogate from public law.

Par delictum – Equal fault.

Pari passu – On an equal footing.

Partus sequitur ventrem – The offspring follows the mother.

Pater est quem nuptiae demonstrant – The father is he whom the marriage points out.

Peccata contra naturam sunt gravissima – Wrongs against nature are the most serious.

Pendente lite nihil innovetur – During litigation nothing should be changed.

Per curiam – In the opinion of the court.

Per minas – By means of menaces or threats.

Per quod – By reason of which.

Post mortem – After death.

Prima facie – On the face of it.

Prima impressionis – On first impression.

Pro hac vice – For this occasion.

Pro rata – In proportion.

Pro tanto – So far, to that extent.

Pro tempore – For the time being.

Publici juris – Of public right.

Quaeitur – The question is raised.

Quantum – How much, an amount.

Qui facit per alium, facit per se – He who acts through another acts himself.

Qui haeret in litera, haeret in cortice – He who stices to the letter, sticks to the bark.

Qui in utero est, pro jam nato habetur, quoties de ejus commodo quaeritur – He who is in the womb is considered as already born as far as his benefit is considered.

Qui non habet potestatem alienandi, habet necessitatem retinendi – He who has not the power of alienating is under the necessity of retaining.

Qui non habet, ille non dat – He who has not, does not give.

Qui non improbat, approbat – He who does not disapprove, approves.

Qui non obstat quod obstare potest facere videtur – He who does not prevent what he is able to prevent, is considered as committing the thing.

Qui non prohibet quod prohibere potest assentire videtur – He who does not prohibit when he is able to prohibit, is in fault.

Qui peccat ebrius, luat sobrius – He who does wrong when drunk must be punished when sober.

Qui potest et debet vetare et non vetat jubet – He who is able and ought to forbit and does not, commands.

Qui prior est tempore potior est jure – He who is prior in time is stronger in right.

Qui sentit commodum, debet et sentire onus – He who derives a benefit ought also to bear a burden.

Qui tacet consentire videtur – He who is silent appears to consent.

Quid pro quo – Consideration. something for something.

Quidcquid plantatur solo, solo cedit – Whatever is planted in or affixed to the soil, belongs to the soil.

Quod ab initio non valet, in tractu temporis non convalescit – What is not valid in the beginning does not become valid by time.

Quod constat curiae opere testium non indiget – What appears to the Court needs not the help of witnesses.

Quod necessarie intelligitur, id non deest – What is necessarily understood is not wanting.

Quod necessitas cogit, defendit – What necessity forces it justifies.

Quod non apparet, non est – What does not appear, is not.

Quod non habet principium non habet finem – What has no beginning has no end.

Quod per me non possum, nec per alium – What I cannot do through myself, I cannot do through another.

Quod prius est verius est; et quod prius est tempore potius est jure – What is first is more true; and what is prior in time is stronger in law.

Quod vanum et inutile est, lex non requirit – The law does not require what is vain and useless.

Quoties in verbis nulla est ambiguitas, ibi nulla expositio contra verba expressa fienda est – When there is no ambiguity in words, then no exposition contrary to the expressed words is to be made.

Ratio est legis anima, mutata legis ratione mutatur et lex – Reason is the soul of the law; when the reason of the law changes the law also is changed.

Re – In the matter of.

Reprobata pecunia leberat solventem – Money refused releases the debtor.

Res – Matter, affair, thing, circumstance.

Res gestae – Things done.

Res integra – A matter untouched (by decision).

Res inter alios acta alteri nocere non debet – Things done between strangers ought not to affect a third person, who is a stranger to the transaction.

Res judicata accipitur pro veritate – A thing adjudged is accepted for the truth.

Res nulis – Nobody s property.

Respondeat superior – Let the principal answer.

Rex est major singulis, minor universis – The King is greater than individuals, less than all the people.

Rex non debet judicare sed secundum legem – The King ought not to judge but according to the law.

Rex non potest peccare – The King can do no wrong.

Rex nunquma moritur – The King never dies.

Rex quod injustum est facere non potest – The King cannot do what is unjust.

Salus populi est suprema lex – The safety of the people is the supreme law.

Sciens – Knowingly.

Scienter – Knowingly.

Scire facias – That you cause to know.

Scribere est agere – To write is to act.

Se defendendo – In self defence.

Secus – The legal position is different, it is otherwise.

Semper praesumitur pro legitimatione puerorum – Everything is presumed in favor of the legitimacy of children.

Semper pro matriomonio praesumitur – It is always presumed in favor of marriage.

Sententia interlocutoria revocari potest, definitiva non potest – An interlocutory order can be revoked, a final order cannot be.

Servitia personalia sequuntur personam – Personal services follow the person.

Sic utere tuo ut alienum non laedas – So use your own as not to injure another s property.

Simplex commendatio non obligat – A simple recommendation does not bind.

Stare decisis – To stand by decisions (precedents).

Stet – Do not delete, let it stand.

Sub modo – Within limits.

Sub nomine – Under the name of.

Sub silentio – In silence.

Sublata causa, tollitur effectus – The cause being removed, the effect ceases.

Sublato fundamento, cadit opus – The foundation being removed, the structure falls.

Subsequens matrimonium tollit peccatum praecedens – A subsequent marriage removes the preceding wrong.

Suggestio falsi – The suggestion of something which is untrue.

Sui generis – Unique.

Summa ratio est quae pro religione facit – The highest reason is that which makes for religion, i.e. religion dictates.

Suppressio veri – The suppression of the truth.

Suppressio veri expressio falsi – A suppression of truth is equivalent to an expression of falsehood.

Talis qualis – Such as it is.

Terra firma – Solid ground.

Testamenta latissimam interpretationem habere debent – Testaments ought to have the broadest interpretation.

Traditio loqui chartam facit – Delivery makes a deed speak.

Transit terra cum onere – The land passes with its burden.

Ubi eadem ratio ibi idem jus, et de similibus idem est judicium – When there is the same reason, then the law is the same, and the same judgment should be rendered as to similar things.

Ubi jus ibi remedium est – Where there is a right there is a remedy.

Ubi non est principalis, non potest esse accessorius – Where there is no principal, there can be no accessory.

Ubi nullum matrimonium, ibi nulla dos es – Where there is no marriage, there is no dower.

Ultima voluntas testatoris est perimplenda secundum veram intentionem suam – The last will of a testator is to be fulfilled according to his true intentio.

Ut poena ad paucos, metus ad omnes, perveniat – That punishment may come to a few, the fear of it should affect all.

Utile per inutile non vitiatur – What is useful is not vitiated by the useless.

Verba chartarum fortius accipiuntur contra preferentem – The words of deeds are accepted more strongly against the person offering them.

Verba debent intelligi cum effectu – Words ought to be understood with effect.

Verba intentioni, non e contra, debent inservire – Words ought to serve the intention, not the reverse.

Verbatim – Word by word, exactly.

Vi et armis – With the force and arms.

Via antiqua via est tuta – The old way is the safe way.

Vice versa – The other way around.

Vide – See.

Vigilantibus non dormientibus jura subveniunt – The laws serve the vigilant, not those who sleep.

Vir et uxor consentur in lege una persona – A husband and wife are regarded in law as one person.

Visitationem commendamus – We recommend a visitation.

Volens – Willing.

Volenti non fit injuria – An injury is not done to one consenting to it.

Voluntas in delictis non exitus spectatur – In offences the intent and not the result is looked at.

Voluntas reputatur pro facto – The will is taken for the deed.


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