Posted by: Elmer Brabante | June 18, 2008

Latin Legal Phrases H-N


Habeas corpus – That you have the body.

Habemus optimum testem confitentem reum – We have the best witness, a confessing defendant.

Haeredem est nomen collectum – Heir is a collective name.

Haeres est nomen juris, filius est nomen naturae – Heir is a term of law, son, one of nature.

Haeres legitimus est quem nuptiae demonstrant – He is the lawful heir whom the marriage indicates.

Homo vocabulum est naturae; persona juris civilis – Man is a term of nature, person of the civil law.

Id est (i.e) – That is.

Id quod commune est, nostrum esse dicitur – That which is common is said to be ours.

Idem – The same person or thing.

Idem nihil dicere et insufficienter dicere est – It is the same to say nothing as not to say enough.

Ignorantia facti excusat, ignorantia juris non excusat – Ignorance of fact excuses, ignorance of law does not excuse.

Imperium in imperio – A sovereignty within a sovereignty.

Impotentia excusat legem – Impossibility is an excuse in the law.

Impunitas semper ad deteriora invitat – Impunity always leads to greater crimes.

In aequali jure melior est conditio possidentis – When the parties have equal rights, the condition of the possessor is better.

In alta proditione nullus potest esse acessorius; sed principalis solum modo – In high treason no one can be an accessory; but a principal only.

In Anglia non est interregnum – In England there is no interregnum.

In camera – In private.

In casu extremae necessitatis omnia sunt communia – In a case of extreme necessity everything is common.

In criminalibus probationes debent esse luce clariores – In criminal cases the proofs ought to be cleared than the light.

In curia domini regis, ipse in propria persona jura discernit – In the King s Court, the King himself in his own person dispenses justice.

In delicto – At fault.

In esse – In existence.

In extenso – At full length.

In fictione legis aequitas existit – A legal fiction is consistent with equity.

In foro conscientiae – In the forum of conscience.

In futoro – In the future.

In jure non remota causa sed proxima spectatur – In law not the remote but the proximate cause is looked at.

In limine – At the outset, on the threshold.

In loco parentis – In place of the parent.

In mortua manu – In a dead hand.

In novo casu novum remedium apponendum est – In a new case a new remedy is to be applied.

In omni re nascitur res quae ipsam rem exterminat – In everything is born that which destroys the thing itself.

In omnibus – In every respect.

In pari delicto potior est conditio possidentis – When the parties are equally in the wrong the condition of the possessor is better.

In personam – Against the person.

In pleno – In full.

In quo quis delinquit in eo de jure est puniendus – In whatever thing one offends in that he is to be punished according to law.

In re dubia magis inficiatio quam affirmatio intelligenda – In a doubtful matter the negative is to be understood rather than the affirmative.

In republica maxime conservanda sunt jura belli – In a State the laws of war are to be especially observed.

In situ – In its place.

In terrorem – As a warning or deterrent.

In testamentis plenius testatoris intentionem scrutamur – In wills we seek diligently the intention of the testator.

In traditionibus scriptorum non quod dictum est, sed quod gestum est, inspicitur – In the delivery of writings (deeds), not what is said but what is done is to be considered.

In verbis, non verba sed res et ratio quaerenda est – In words, not words, but the thing and the meaning are to be inquired into.

Indicia – Marks, signs.

Injuria non excusat injuriam – A wrong does not excuse a wrong.

Intentio inservire debet legibus, non leges intentioni – Intention ought to be subservient to the laws, not the laws to the intention.

Inter alia – Amongst other things.

Interest reipublicae res judicatas non rescindi – It is in the interest of the State that things adjudged be not rescinded.

Interest reipublicae suprema hominum testamenta rata haberi – It is in the interest of the State that men s last wills be sustained.

Interest reipublicae ut quilibet re sua bene utatur – It is in the interest of the State that every one use properly his own property.

Interest reipublicase ut sit finis litium – It is in the interest of the State that there be an end to litigation.

Interim – Temporary, in the meanwhile.

Interpretare et concordare leges legibus est optimus interpretandi modus – To interpret and harmonize laws is the best method of interpretation.

Interpretatio fienda est ut res magis valeat quam pereat – Such a construction is to be made that the thing may have effect rather than it should fail.

Interruptio multiplex non tollit praescriptionem semel obtentam – Repeated interruption does not defeat a prescription once obtained.

Invito beneficium non datur – A benefit is not conferred upon one against his consent.

Ipsissima verba – The very words of a speaker.

Ipso facto – By that very fact.

Ira furor brevis est – Anger is brief insanity.

Iter arma leges silent – In war the laws are silent.

Judex est lex loquens – A judge is the law speaking.

Judex non potest esse testis in propira causa – A judge cannot be witness in his own cause.

Judex non potest injuriam sibi datam punire – A judge cannon punish a wrong done to himself.

Judex non reddit plus quam quod petens ipse requirit – A judge does not give more than the plaintiff himself demands.

Judiciis posterioribus fides est adhibenda – Faith must be given to later decisions.

Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata – It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and the proofs.

Judicium non debet esse illusorium, suum effectum habere debet – A judgment ought not to be illusory; it ought to have its proper effect.

Juduces non tenentur exprimere causam sententiae suae – Judges are not bound to explain the reason of their judgment.

Jura naturae sunt immutabilia – The laws of nature are immutable.

Jura publica anteferenda privatis juribus – Public rights are to be preferred to private rights.

Juramentum est indivisibile et non est admittendum in parte verum et in parte falsum – An oath is indivisible and it is not to be held partly true and partly false.

Jurare est Deum in testem vocare, et est actus divini cultus – To swear is to call God to witness and is an act of divine worship.

Jus – A right that is recognised in law.

Jus accrescendi praefertur oneribus – The right of survivorship is preferred to incumbrances.

Jus ad rem; jus in re – A right to a thing; a right in a thing.

Jus dicere, non jus dare – To declare the law, not to make the law.

Jus est norma recti; et quicquid est contra normam recti est injuria – The law is a rule of right; and whatever is contrary to a rule of right is an injury.

Jus naturale – Natural justice.

Jus naturale est quod apud omnes homines eandem habet potentiam – Natural right is that which has the same force among all men.

Jus scriptum aut non scriptum – The written law or the unwritten law.

Jusjurandum inter alios factum nec nocere nec prodesse debet – An oath made between third parties ought neither to hurt nor profit.

Justitia est duplec; severe puniens et vere praeveniens – Justice is two-fold; severely punishing and in reality prohibiting (offences).

Justitia firmatur solium – The throne is established by justice.

Justitia nemini neganda est – Justice is to be denied to no one.

Leges posteriores priores contrarias abrogant – Subsequent laws repeal prior conflicting ones.

Legibus sumptis desinentibus legibus naturae utendum est – When laws imposed by the State fail, we must use the laws of nature.

Lex aliquando sequitur aequitatem – The law sometimes follows equity.

Lex citius tolerare vult privatum damnum quam publicum malum – The law would rather tolerate a private injury than a public evil.

Lex dabit remedium – The law will give a remedy.

Lex dilationes abhorret – The law abhors delays.

Lex est judicum tutissimus ductor – The law is the safest guide for judges.

Lex est sanctio sancta jubens honesta et prohibens contraria – The law is a sacred sanction, commanding what is right and prohibiting the contrary.

Lex indendit vicinum vicini facta scire – The law presumes that one neighbor knows the acts of another.

Lex necessitatis est lex temporis i.e. instantis – The law of necessity is the law of time, that is time present.

Lex neminem cogit ad vana seu impossiblia – The law compels no one to do vain or impossible things.

Lex nil frustra facit – The law does nothing in vain.

Lex non a rege est violanda – The law must not be violated even by the King.

Lex non deficere potest in justitia exhibenda – The law cannot fail in dispensing justice.

Lex non novit patrem, nec matrem; solam veritatem – The law does not know neither father nor mother, only the truth.

Lex non oritur ex injuria – The law does not arise from a mere injury.

Lex non requirit verificari quod apparet curiae – The law does not require that to be proved which is apparent to the Court.

Lex non favet delicatorum votis – The law does not favor the wishes of the dainty.

Lex plus laudatur quando ratione probatur – The law is the more praised when it is supported by reason.

Lex prospicit not respicit – The law looks forwared, not backward.

Lex punit mendaciam – The law punishes falsehood.

Lex rejicit superflua, pugnatia, incongrua – The law rejects superfluous, contradictory and incongruous things.

Lex spectat naturae ordinem – The law regards the order of nature.

Lex succurrit ignoranti – The law succors the ignorant.

Lex tutissima cassis, sub clypeo legis nemo decipitur – Law is the safest helmet; under the shield of the law no one is deceived.

Lex uno ore omnes alloquitur – The law speaks to all through one mouth.

Longa possessio est pacis jus – Long possession is the law of peace.

Longa possessio parit jus possidendi et tollit actionem vero domino – Long possession produces the right of possession and takes away from the true owner his action.

Magister rerum usus; magistra rerum experientia – Use is the master of things; experience is the mistress of things.

Major continet in se minus – The greater contains the less.

Majus est delictum se ipsum occidere quam alium – It is a greater crime to kill one s self than another.

Mala fide – In bad faith.

Mala grammatica non vitiat chartam – Bad grammar does not vitiate a deed.

Mala in se – Bad in themselves.

Mala prohibita – Crimes prohibited.

Malitia supplet aesatem – Malice supplies age.

Malo animo – With evil intent.

Mandamus – We command.

Maximus magister erroris populus est – The people are the greatest master of error.

Melior est conditio possidentis, ubi neuter jus habet – Better is the condition of the possessor where neither of the two has the right.

Melior testatoris in testamentis spectanda est – In wills the intention of a testator is to be regarded.

Meliorem conditionem suam facere potest minor deteriorem nequaquam – A minor can make his position better, never worse.

Mens rea – Guilty state of mind.

Mentiri est contra mentem ire – To lie is to act against the mind.

Merito beneficium legis amittit, qui legem ipsam subvertere intendit – He justly loses the benefit of the law who seeks to infringe the law.

Minatur innocentibus qui parcit nocentibus – He threatens the innocent who spares the guilty.

Misera est servitus, ubi jus est vagum aut incertum – It is a miserable slavery where the law is vague or uncertain.

Mors dicitur ultimum supplicium – Death is called the extreme penalty.

Muilta exercitatione facilius quam regulis percipies – You wil

Nam nemo haeres viventis – For no one is an heir of a living person.

Naturae vis maxima est – The force of nature is the greatest.

Necessitas inducit privilegium quoad jura privata – With respect to private rights necessity induces privilege.

Necessitas non habet legem – Necessity has no law.

Necessitas publica est major quam privata – Public necessity is greater than private necessity.

Negligentia semper habet infortuniam comitem – Negligence always has misfortune for a companion.

Nemo admittendus est inhabilitare se ipsum – No one is allowed to incapacitate himself.

Nemo bis punitur pro eodem delicto – No one can be twice punished for the same offence.

Nemo cogitur suam rem vendere, etiam justo pretio – No one is bound to sell his own property, even for a just price.

Nemo contra factum suum venire potest – No man can contradict his own deed.

Nemo debet esse judex in propria causa – No one can be judge in his own case.

Nemo plus juris transferre ad alium potest quam ipse habet – No one can transfer to another a larger right than he himself has.

Nemo potest contra recordum verificare per patriam – No one can verify by the country, that is, through a jury, against the record.

Nemo potest esse tenens et dominus – No one can at the same time be a tenant and a landlord (of the same tenement).

Nemo potest facere per alium, quod per se non potest – No one can do through another what he cannot do himself.

Nemo potest mutare consilium suum in alterius injuriam – No one can change his purpose to the injury of another.

Nemo praesumitur esse immemor suae aeternae salutis et maxime in articulo mortis – No one is presumed to be forgetful of his eternal welfare, and particularly in the hour of death.

Nemo prohibetur pluribus defensionibus uti – No one is forbidden to make use of several defences.

Nemo punitur pro alieno delicto – No one is punished for the crime of another.

Nemo se accusare debet, nisi coram Deo – No one should accuse himself except in the presence of God.

Nemo tenetur accusare se ipsum nisi coram Deo – No one is bound to accuse himself except in the presence of God.

Nemo tenetur armare adversarium contra se – No one is bound to arm his adversary against himself.

Nexus – Connection

Nihil quod est inconveniens est licitum – Nothing inconvenient is lawful.

Nil facit error nominis cum de corpore constat – An error of name makes not difference when it appears from the body of the instrument.

Nisi – Unless

Non compus mentis – Not of sound mind and understanding

Non constat – It is not certain

Non decipitur qui scit se decipi – He is not deceived who knows that he is deceived.

Non definitur in jure quid sit conatus – What an attempt is, is not defined in law.

Non est arctius vinculum inter homines quam jusjurandum – There is no stronger link among men than an oath.

Non est factum – It is not his deed

Non est informatus – He is not informed.

Non facias malum ut inde veniat bonum – You shall not do evil that good may come of it.

Non jus, sed seisina, facit stipitem – Not right, but seisin makes a stock (from which the inheritance must descend).

Non refert quid notum sit judici si notum non sit in forma judicii – It matters not what is known to the judge if it is not known judicially.

Non sequitur – An inconsistent statement, it does not follow

Nullus commodum capere potest ex sua injuria propria – No one can derive an advantage from his own wrong.

Nullus recedat e curia cancellaria sine remedio – No one should depart from a Court of Chancery without a remedy.

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Responses

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